Right to Vote
Indian Constitution has granted the right to vote to all Indian citizens of sound mind above the age of 18, irrespective of an individual’s caste, religion, social or economic status. Indian citizen who above the 18 year have constitutional right to vote, their candidate independently, voter can seek information about candidate their financial status , criminal record and their agenda. Right to vote is not fundamental right we have only article 326 which speak about voting age. Right to vote is above any sex, cast, religion, status, race every citizen have brith right to choose their candidate for the nation. Right to vote is symbol of democratic country you can choose your government and help towards nation welfare if you denied to vote you are denied not only your basic right also you responsible for poor condition of your society. Vote gives you chance to protect, promote your nation.
According to reports in 2014 largest number of voter are active first time in history 66.38% people vote in general election which shows Indian are move to awareness. In 2009 Supreme Court introduce NOTA ( none of the above) option on ballots if you don’t want to vote anyone you can press NOTA. Election commission now work for those people who unable to vote because of nature of work. according to PHDCCI report currently 1.25 active truck drivers they registered but only 90 Lakh are able to vote because of work, election commission decided to providing online voting system but it will take some time. Citizen and government hand on hand work for right to vote.
This right is universally granted to all Indians, with a few exceptions.As a voter, you are entitled to certain rights and privileges as laid down by the Constitution, which safeguards the rights of the voter. It also lays down the conditions under which this privilege is granted to citizens. Voting is not a fundamental right, but is a legal right granted to citizens
Constitution of India Article 325. No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of
religion, race, caste or sex for right vote India .
Voting Rights - Below are some of the rights of voters as granted and safeguarded by the Indian Constitution.
Right to Know
All voters have the right to know about the candidates who are contesting for the elections. This right has been granted to voters under Section 19 of the Indian Constitution. This Section empowers voters to seek information pertaining to the election manifesto of the candidates, their total financial worth as also their criminal record, if any.
Right Not to Vote (NOTA)
Voters have been granted the right not to vote, which is recorded in the system. Also known as a NOTA (None of the above) vote, the voter participates in the election but chooses not to vote for any of the candidates contesting the elections.In this way, voters are participating in the electoral process and exercising their right to choose if they wish to vote for the candidates contesting or not.This Section empowers voters to seek information pertaining to the election manifesto of the candidates, their total financial worth as also their criminal record, if an In this way, voters are participating in the electoral process and exercising their right to choose if they wish to vote for the candidates contesting or not.
Special Assistance to Infirm and Illiterate Voters
As per the guidelines of the Election Code, voters who are unable to cast their votes due to physical disability or other such infirmity and can’t cast their vote through postal ballot, can take the assistance of an electoral officer, who will record their vote.
NRI and Prisoner Voting Rights
An NRI (Non Resident Indian) was not permitted to vote until recently. However an amendment was made in 2010 which allows NRI’s to register themselves as voters and vote in elections, even if they have not been in the country for over 6 months for any reason.Prisoners are not permitted to exercise their franchise as per the current law.
This applies to an individual who declares himself a voter and seeks to cast his vote when a vote has already been cast in his name. In such a case the individual can cast his vote if he can provide proof as to his identity. His vote will be recorded on a separate ballot paper as decided by the Election Commission.